What is: origin and history
It is a traditional sport in northern Italy and southern France adopted the name of the device used to play: the tamburello. It is considered the precursor of tennis as the sport with similarities are many.
The first written reference tamburello found in the tenth century, in the book “cronicones Salernitarun” (author unknown) that looks at a ball game. Later on, around the sixteenth century; in the book of Antonio da Scaino Hall ( “Trattato the giuco with the Straw”; Vinegar, MCLV) explained what were the games and practiced in that time include: il “Bracciale”, the “Pallacorda” and “Scanno straw with it.”
The “straw Scanno with it” is considered the first step in the use of the tamburello; when it replaces the “Guà wood” with which to hit the ball through a hoop covered with animal skin (lamb or pork).
The evolution of the sport has been marked by the development of the material used, has gone from using animal skin to its origins plastic and synthetic fabric today.
1890 is considered the official starting point of the tamburello. Recognition by the Federazione Ginnastica d’Italia as a game makes you get an equivalent category in the sport today.
The 1903 Olympic dreams after Pierre de Coubertin talk to King Vittorio Emanuele and Pope Pius X and explore the possibility of including in the 20 sports that will be part of the Olympics. Finally, do not stop doing in Rome 15 years later reopens a way to Amsterdam to be part of the Olympics as a demonstration sport, but finally ends up being a sport of his family, the “Jeux de Paume “.
In 1910 they created the first organization that acts as a precursor of FIPT (Italian Federation of Drum) “by the Ente di tutti gli sport organizzazione italiani che occupano del Pallone.” Later, in 1927 FIPT is created and becomes one of the 33 sports federations which at that time were part of the statutes of CONI.
The sport has been practiced since the beginning of the century in Italy and France, but from the 80 sports also exist with a much lower across Europe: Austria, Switzerland, Hungary, Scotland, Belgium San Marino, the United Kingdom, Spain and Catalonia. Also there is a small minority who practice the sport in the United States, Brazil, Argentina, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia.
It is the most practiced in Italy and France. It is played on a field 80 meters long and 20 meters wide. It is played outside on gravel or asphalt. The ball is hard rubber, measures about 66 mm in diameter and is white. Each team consists of 5 field athletes: two defenses, one central and two attackers.
The service uses a special tamburello: the tamburelli, tamburello oval (Italy) to le batting Engagment, smaller tamburello with a stick about 80cm. (France).
It is the most practiced in Europe. And the method is practiced more in Catalonia.
The dimensions of the field are 34 meters long and 16 wide. There is an online service that stands by two meters after the center line. For lower levels are reduced. It is played on indoor or pavilion. The ball is low pressure.
Each team consists of three athletes per country: one central and two wings.
According to the rules of the FIBT (Fédération Internationale de Balle au Tambourin) all field lines that comprise the field are good except for the central ball is considered if it is touched.
It is a modality that summer after summer gaining adherents. The conditions under which this practice is carried out part of its appeal: sand, sun and water in many cases.
You can play 1x1 or 2x2 variant in each case the dimensions of the pitch. In the first case x7,5m 24m and 24m x 12m in the second.
The network 2,35m differentiates the two camps. The ball like in the indoor mode is no pressure.
Modality born in Scotland, marked by the philosophy of sport for all, highlights the aspect of social and recreational sports promoting respect and coexistence between people.
As in the form of tambeach also participates in a 1x1 or 2x2, in this case the pitch has the same dimensions: 9,14m x 3,96m for both cases and is separated in this case by a network of 1 , 73m high.